Top 50 Azure Interview Questions and Answers latest

In this azure tutorial, we will discuss Microsoft Azure Interview questions and answers. Apart from this, we will also discuss on few other topics

Top 50 Azure Interview Questions and Answers 2020
  • Azure Interview Questions
  • Basic Azure interview questions and answers 
  • General Azure Interview questions and answers
  • Interview questions for the Azure administrator
  • Microsoft azure interview questions and answers for experienced
  • Interview questions for Microsoft Azure
  • Advanced Azure interview questions and answers
  • SQL Azure Interview questions and answers
  • Scenario-based Azure interview questions

Top 50 Azure Interview Questions and Answers

Well, Preparing for the Azure interview? let’s discuss here the list of the latest Azure Interview questions as well as the detailed answers that will definitely help you with your success.

1- What is Cloud Computing?

Answer: Cloud computing is a concept that means storing and accessing the data on the internet. In the case of cloud computing, you are accessing the data from a remote server.

It’s like you are using a vendor’s server to store or access your data and you are paying for the time you are using the server.

2- What are the differences between a public cloud and a private cloud?

Answer:

Private CloudPublic Cloud
A private cloud belongs to a specific organization and no other organization can access the same Cloud.A public cloud is a cloud service that shares the services among different organizations.
A private cloud is also known as an internal cloud or enterprise cloudYou can call it a Shared cloud.
Maintenance in the case of a Private cloud is difficult compare to the Public cloud.Maintenance in the case of a public cloud is easy compare to the Private cloud.

Azure Interview Questions

3- What are the advantages of cloud computing?

Answer: There are several benefits or advantages of using cloud computing. Few are explained as below

  • Cost-saving is one of the cool benefits of cloud computing so many organization prefers to use cloud computing.
  • Highly available with High-speed performance.
  • Back up and restore data is very easy in Cloud computing
  • Unlimited storage capacity is an important feature here.
  • Pay only for how much you are using.
  • In case of natural disaster, power failure, it will save your data that helps for the Business continuity plan for an organization.

4- What are the types of scaling in the cloud computing?

Answer: There are two types of scaling in the cloud computing

  • Horizontal scaling: Horizontal scaling  is that you scale up your pool by adding more systems/machines into your pool of resources
  • Vertical scaling: Some times you want to scale up your existing machines by increasing the (CPU, RAM) size.

5- What do you mean by PaaS, SaaS, and IaaS?

Answer: Paas: Paas is Platform as service is a cloud computing model, where you will get all the hardware and software tools that are needed for the development activities.

Saas: Saas is Software as a service is delivering an application as a service via the internet. No need to install, maintain the software, just you need to access those as a service.

IaaS: IaaS is Infrastructure as a service that is responsible for providing virtualized computing resources over the internet. That helps the organization to build and manage their servers, network, operating systems, etc. Some of the Examples are Microsoft Azure, Rackspace, Amazon Web Services (AWS).

scenario based azure interview questions

Basic Azure interview questions and answers 

6- What are the main use of the Azure Cloud Service?

Answer:

  • The main purpose of the Azure Cloud Service is to host the application that is running.
  • This service is also responsible to maintain the background application.

7- What is Microsoft Azure ?

Answer: Microsoft Azure is a set of cloud services that help your organization to meet your business requirements. You can build, manage, deploy different applications with the help of different frameworks and tools using Azure. For more information, you can check What is Microsoft Azure and How does Microsoft Azure Works?

8- Why to Use Azure?

Answer: There are many reasons and benefits to choose Azure. All solutions are at one place. Few reasons are listed below

  • You can easily create a web application with a few numbers of clicks
  • The testing application is easy here.
  • Once the development and testing will over for a particular application, you can use Azure for hosting the application.
  • You can create a virtual machine(VM) for all the activities.

9- What is Azure Portal?

Answer: Azure Portal is a single portal or a single place where you are accessing and managing all your applications. It helps to build, manage, and monitor your simple web-applications to complex cloud applications using a single portal. To know more about this, you can refer to An Introduction to Microsoft Azure Portal.

10- What is Azure as PaaS?

Answer: PaaS is a development and deployment model to support the complete web application life cycle of building, testing, deploying, managing, and updating the application. Azure is a Platform As A Service(Paas).

General Azure Interview questions and answers

11- What are the differences between Microsoft Azure and AWS?

Answer:

Microsoft AzureAmazon Web Services (AWS)
The backup solution in Microsoft Azure is Azure Backup.The backup solution in Amazon web services is Amazon Glacier.
For the CDN feature, you can use Azure CDN.For the CDN feature, you can use Amazon CloudFront.
You can use the Azure Operational Insights as the monitoring option.You can use the Amazon CloudTrail as the monitoring option.
As a no SQL database option, Microsoft is providing Azure DocumentDB.As a no SQL database option, Microsoft is providing Amazon DynamoDB.

12- What are the web applications can be deployed with Azure?

Answer: Different web applications like .Net, PHP, WCF, Java, etc are supported in Azure. Multiple languages are supported in Azure.

Interview questions for the Azure administrator

13- What are the different roles in Azure?

Answer: There are three different types of roles are there in Azure

  • Web Role: A web Role is used to deploy web applications that are built on with different languages that are supported in Azure.
  • Worker Role: It supports the Web Role as well as it gives the solution for the background services.
  • Virtual Machine Role: The virtual machine Role gives the option to manage virtual machines for different operations.

14- What are the list of Azure Services and Resources?

Answer: Azure provides more than 200 services. Some of the services are as below

  • Virtual Machine: Helps to create a virtual machine in different operating systems like Windows, Linux, etc.
  • Cloud Service: Once you will deploy your application in the cloud, Azure Cloud will take care of everything like load-balancing, monitoring, etc. You do not need to take any headache on this.
  • Functions: With this service, you can create different applications using any programming languages.
  • Azure CDN: CDN stands for Content Delivery Network. The purpose of the Azure CDN is to deliver content to users. Azure CDN uses a high bandwidth.
  • Azure DNS: This service helps you to host your DNS domains in Azure.
  • Express Route: This is an excellent service that helps to connect your on-premise network to the Microsoft cloud or any other service.
  • Virtual network: Different services can connect with each other with the help of Virtual network service.
  • Blob Storage: Used to store massive amounts of unstructured data.
  • Disk Storage: This service is a virtual hard disk that behaves almost similarly like a physical hard disk.
  • File Storage: This service offers regular file shares in the cloud or on-premises environments.

15- What are the different principal segments of Windows Azure platform?

Answer: There are three different principal segments that are present in the case of the Azure platform i.e Compute, Storage, and Fabric.

Azure Compute provides three types of roles Web roles, worker roles, and Virtual machine roles. All roles are explained as above.

Azure Storage provides different types of storage services like Queue storage, Table Storage, Blob Storage, File Storage, etc. For more information on storage types, you can refer to Azure storage types.

Azure Fabric provides different types of services like Access, Caching, Integration, etc.

Microsoft azure interview questions and answers for experienced

16- What is table storage in Windows Azure?

Answer:

  • The Azure Table storage allows us to store structured data. It stores NoSQL data.
  • Azure Table storage service allows storing structurednon-relational data.
  • The main advantage of using table storage is, it is fast and cost-effective for many types of applications. 
  • You can store any number of entities in the table. 
  • You can use table storage to store datasets that don’t require complex joins or stored procedures.

17- What is Queue storage in Windows Azure?

Answer: Azure Queue storage is a type of Azure storage that can store large numbers of messages that can be accessed from anywhere in the world using HTTP or HTTPS protocols.

This is like FIFO implementation, messages will add to the end of the queue. The size of a queue message can be up to 64 KB.

18- What is Azure diagnostic?

Answer: This is an API based system that collects the data to diagnose the application which is running continuously. This is one of the important API by Microsoft.

19- What are the examples of some applications in Azure?

Answer: There are many applications provided by Microsoft Azure. For example Web Applications, Cloud Services, Mobile applications, Storage services, Virtual computing, Networking services, Analytics services, etc.

20- What is auto scaling in Azure?

Answer: The autoscaling is a feature that enables your application to scale up or down automatically based on your defined condition. Based on the demand Azure autoscaling feature scales out the instances more.

An auto-scaling solution actually reduces the amount of manual work engaged in the case of scaling an application.

21- What do you mean by a BLOB storage and what are their types?

Answer: Azure Blob storage allows storing unstructured data. We can store huge data like text files, images, audios, and videos, media files, or application installers, etc.

These blob storage data can be accessed from any place via protocols like HTTP or HTTPS.

The Blob storage is of three types

  • Block Blobs storage: Contains small blocks with unique IDS.
  • Append Blobs storage: In this case, we cannot update or delete any of the existing blocks
  • Page Blobs storage: The max size of a page blob is 8 TB.

Interview questions for Microsoft Azure

22- What are virtual machine scale sets in Azure?

Answer: You can use the virtual machine scale sets to deploy and manage a set of identical virtual machines (VM).

This provides high availability to our applications, and it allows us to manage, configure, and update a large number of virtual machines (VM) in one place. 

23- What is enterprise warehousing?

Answer: It means the data is developed by an organization having access at a single point throughout the globe. It is used in case of massive data.

24- What do you mean by an Availability Set?

Answer: An availability set is a logical grouping of virtual machines (VMs) that allows Microsoft Azure to understand how your application is built to provide availability and redundancy. This helps to isolate the VM Resources from each other when they are deployed.

25- What are Network Security Groups?

Answer: A network security group (NSG) contains different security rules that allow or can deny to the inbound network traffic or from the outbound network traffic to subnets from different types of Azure resources. These rules are called a list of Access Control List (ACL) rules.

Network security group (NSGs) can be associated with different subnets or individual NICs connected to a subnet. 

26- What is break-fix issue?

Answer: It is an industry term. Technical related problems for an organization is known as the break-fix issue. When work involved for a specific technology fails then break-fix comes into the picture. This will be solved by a support organization.

Advanced Azure interview questions and answers

27- What is Windows Azure Scheduler?

Answer: If you want to create jobs and schedule them to run in the cloud in some specified timeline then in that case you can use the Windows Azure Scheduler. You can also call different services inside and outside Azure like calling HTTP and HTTPS endpoints etc.

28- What is a Fault Domain?

Answer: This is a logical group that contains a set of hardware that shares a common power source and network switch. This process minimizes the issues in case of Physical hardware failures, network outages, or power interruptions, etc. When you are creating the Virtual machines (VM), the Azure platform automatically distributes these VMs with these fault domains.

29- What is the use of VNET?

Answer: VNET helps to represent your network within the cloud environment. It helps you to isolate your instances logically launched in the cloud environment, from the rest of your Azure resources.

30- What is service fabric in Azure?

Answer: This is a middleware platform that provides you a more scalable outcome. Basically, It renders with the enterprise that is more managed and reliable.

31- What is Azure Advisor?

Answer:

  • Azure Advisor is a free tool from Microsoft. It analyzes your configurations and usage and provides personalized, recommendations to help you optimize your Azure resources for high availability, security, etc.
  • Basically, it guides you on the area of improvement in the case of all the Azure resources so that the performance of the Azure resource will increase.
  • It shows the way to speed up your Azure applications.
  • It detects possible security threats and vulnerabilities.

32- What is the difference between Service Bus Queues and Storage Queues?

Answer: Service Bus Queues is a terminology where a sender delivers a message to a Queue that is used to reside in a Service Bus Namespace, later the receiver receives that message.

Azure Queue storage is a type of storage that can store large numbers of messages that can be accessed from anywhere in the world using HTTP or HTTPS protocols.

This is like FIFO (First in First out) implementation, messages will add to the end of the queue. The size of a queue message can be up to 64 KB.

33- What is the role of traffic manager in Windows Azure?

Answer:

  • Azure Traffic Manager is a traffic load balancer that helps you to distribute the traffic equally to all the services across global Azure regions that provide high availability and responsiveness for the Azure services.
  • Azure Traffic Manager  helps loading the page faster.

34- What are the different ways to host web sites in Azure?

Answer: There are different ways to host a website in Azure

  • You can use Azure App Services to host most of your applications in Azure. This is one of the best option compared to other options that allows quick deployment, scalability, management of your applications.
  • You have another option that is Service Fabric that will help in case you have an application that requires Massive Scaling and Stateful Services, etc.

35- State the different Options to manage session state in Windows Azure?

Answer: Below are the options to manage the session state in Windows Azure

  • Windows Azure Caching
  • Azure Table
  • SQL Azure

36-  What are the types of BLOB storage and explain those?

Answer: BLOB storage is of three types page,Append Blobs and the block blob.

  • Block blobs are small blocks with unique IDS. One block blob can contain up to 50,000 blocks.
  • In the case of Append Blobs, we cannot update or delete any existing blocks. In Block Blobs storage unique IDs are not kept secret but Here all the unique IDs are kept secret.
  • The maximum size of a page blob is 8 TB.

37- What are unconnected lookups?

Answer: In the unconnected lookups method, User-defined values are considered in the unconnected lookups.

38- What Is Azure Compute Emulator?

Answer: The Azure Compute Emulator helps us to debug and test the Azure Cloud Services in our local environment without deploying the cloud service to the Microsoft Azure.

39- What Is Azure Data Factory

Answer: Azure Data Factory is a cloud-based ETL and data integration tool or service that helps you to create different data-driven workflows that make it easy to move the data.

One more advantage with this service is it is faster compare to others.

40- What are the different pricing model of Microsoft Azure

Answer: Below are the different pricing model of Microsoft Azure

Usage Based: As per this price model, you will be charged based on your usage of the Azure Resources.

Free: In this pricing model, you will not be charged at all. You will be utilizing the offerings at free of cost.

Free Software Trial: In this model you will get a free version as a free trial. This free trial version will be for certain number of days. Once the trial period will over, you will be charged the next day on words as per the Microsoft standard charges for that particular offerings.

BYOL Model: This model is called as Bring Your Own License that is a licensing model that allows the organizations to use their licenses flexibly, in case of on-premise or in the cloud.

Monthly Fee: As per this model, you will be charged as a Monthly fixed rental amount based on your subscription and the usage limit.

41- What is a storage key?

Answer:

  • The storage key is also known as Access Key.
  • This is used as an authentication way for accessing the storage services account to manipulate information based on our business requirements.

42- What are Azure App Services?

Answer: Azure App Service is known as a fully managed Platform as a service (Paas) that is responsible to integrate Microsoft Azure websites, BizTalk and Mobile services, etc into a single service and also adds some new capabilities or features which enables the integration with the On-premises or the cloud systems.

43- What do you mean by profiling in Azure?

Answer: In one line, Profiling in Azure is a process of measuring the performance analysis of an application.

44- What is Azure DevOps?

Answer: Microsoft provides another Software as a service (SaaS) platform, that helps to provide a complete DevOps toolchain starting from the development of the software to the deployment meaning for the complete software development life cycle.

Azure DevOps provides services like Azure Boards, Azure Pipelines, Azure Repos, Azure Artifacts, Azure Test Plans, etc.

45- What is CosmosDB?

Answer:

  • Azure Cosmos DB is the right solution for different applications like web, mobile, gaming with predictable throughput, high availability.
  • Using this service Customers can scale throughput and storage across independently for different geographical regions.

SQL Azure Interview questions and answers

46- What are the different database types in SQL Azure?

Answer: Microsoft Azure provides three different types of Azure SQL models as below

  • Standalone Database: Standalone Database is designed for different types of applications like software-as-a-service solutions, cloud-based applications that use a single database to store data needed.
  • Managed Instance: This model is targeted for the migration activities from On-premise to the cloud environment.
  • Elastic pool: This model helps to reduce the costs by sharing the same resources by a group of standalone databases.

47- What is SQL Azure?

Answer: SQL Azure database is an approach where you can store your database in the cloud. In the case of the SQL server, we are storing our database locally. The same way we can store our database in the Cloud environment with the help of SQL Azure.

You can utilize the Platform as a service methodology with the help of SQL Azure. It is highly secure, highly available, and accessible.

48- What are the various power states of a Virtual Machine?

Answer: The different power states of a virtual Machine is explained as below

  1. Starting: It means that the Virtual Machine is being started.
  2. Running: This status means that the Virtual Machine is running.
  3. Stopping: The status means that the Virtual Machine is being stopped.
  4. Stopped: It indicates that the Virtual Machine is stopped.
  5. Deallocating: This means that the Virtual Machine is being deallocated.

49- Why is Azure Active Directory used?

Answer: Microsoft provides a cloud-based, secure, identity, and access management service known as Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) that helps your employees to sign in and access the resources like Microsoft Office 365, external resources. This is more secure compare to other login methodologies.

50- What is Azure Search?

Answer: Microsoft provides a Search as a solution called Azure Search that allows Developers to build search applications for multiple sources of content in Web, Mobile, and Enterprise applications with the help of the REST API interface.

51- What is a Resource group?

Answer: A Resource Group is nothing but a logical container where you are creating your Azure resources. A resource group created in a specific region can contain the resources created in the other regions. There is no restriction on that.

Interview questions for microsoft azure

Scenario-based Azure interview questions

52- Is it possible to move a resource from one group to another?

Answer: The answer is Yes, you can move a resource from one group to the other one.

53- What is the number of resource groups a subscription can have?

Answer: Under a particular subscription, you can deploy up to 800 resource groups.

Conclusion

Well, here in this Azure tutorial, we discussed Top 50 Azure Interview Questions and Answers, Azure interview questions and answers for experienced, Azure interview questions and answers 2020. Apart from this we also discussed Azure interview questions for the .net developer and interview questions for the Azure administrator.

Now Wishing you All the Best for your Interview!!!!!!

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